As many of you know, I am a huge proponent of lifestyle as the first “treatment” we all need. Science agrees. Here’s what the National Institute of Health has to say on the matter:
Only 5–10% of all cancer cases can be attributed to genetic defects, whereas the remaining 90–95% have their roots in the environment and lifestyle. The lifestyle factors include cigarette smoking, diet (fried foods, red meat), alcohol, sun exposure, environmental pollutants, infections, stress, obesity, and physical inactivity. The evidence indicates that of all cancer-related deaths, almost 25–30% are due to tobacco, as many as 30–35% are linked to diet, about 15–20% are due to infections, and the remaining percentage are due to other factors like radiation, stress, physical activity, environmental pollutants etc.
And the Harvard School of Public Health states that a whopping 82% of heart attacks are preventable through lifestyle. According to the National Stroke Association, up to 80% of strokes are preventable, though they don’t quantify how much of the prevention is with lifestyle and how much is medication.
This is not to blame anyone who has had something terrible happen. I never condone guilt, self-blame, etc. More about my own experiences causing my own major medical emergency another time, but today I just want to say that for any of us, knowledge is power. Once we know what we can do to prevent bad things from happening, we can act on that knowledge. That said, I have known many people who “did everything right” and still had something bad happen…what gives? Well, there are the genetic factors. There are all the bad things we can’t avoid. There are flukes. We’ve all got to go sometime.
So what can we all do to increase our chances of enjoying a long active life free of cancer, heart disease, and stroke?
- Quit smoking. This is the single best thing you can do for your health.
- Exercise. There is so much to do here in Colorado with our beautiful weather.
- Eat well. You don’t need to buy a book or sign up for a specific plan. We all know what we need to be doing…more fruits and vegetables, fish or grass fed beef in place of Big Macs.
- Avoid environmental pollutants. For many of us, that includes avoiding pesticides and hormones in our food whenever possible. If you can’t buy everything organic, at least avoid the Dirty Dozen.
- Limit sexual partners. One in six cancers is caused by infection. Three of those infections, HPV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C, are commonly spread sexually. Condoms are better than “unprotected sex” but they are not completely effective at preventing infection. They are about 85% effective at preventing pregnancy and hepatitis, 50% effective at preventing gonorrhea and chlamydia, and even less effective at preventing HPV. Monogamy is the safest sex. Not just “serial monogamy” (you can still acquire and share infections), lifetime monogamy (or as close as you can get).
- Don’t share needles. While you’re at it, don’t do drugs.